Panchakki, also known as the water mill, is a historical monument located in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. It is a marvel of medieval Indian engineering that showcases the scientific thought process and innovation of that era. It was built in the 17th century by Turktaz Khan, a noble of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, as part of a complex that included a mosque, a madrasa, a kacheri, a minister’s house, a sarai and houses for women.
The main attraction of Panchakki is the water mill that was used to grind grains for the pilgrims and the troops of the garrison. The water mill was powered by an underground water channel that originated from a spring on a nearby hill. Panchakki is famous tourist attraction in Sambhajinagar In this article, we will explore the history, architecture and significance of Panchakki, as well as provide some practical information for visitors.
Location of Panchakki
Panchakki is situated in the heart of Aurangabad city, near the Bibi Ka Maqbara. It is easily accessible by road and public transport. The nearest airport is Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj International Airport, which is about 10 km away. The nearest railway station is Aurangabad Railway Station, which is about 6 km away.
Timing / Entry Fees Panchakki
Panchakki is open to visitors every day from 6:30 am to 9:30 pm. The entry fee for Indian citizens is Rs. 5 per person, while for foreign nationals it is Rs. 100 per person. There is no entry fee for children below the age of 15. There is also a separate fee for camera and video recording.
How to Reach Panchakki
There are various modes of transport available to reach Panchakki from Aurangabad city. You can take a bus, auto-rickshaw, taxi or car to reach the monument. The bus fare is around Rs. 10 per person, while the auto-rickshaw fare is around Rs. 50-100 depending on the distance and bargaining. The taxi or car fare may vary depending on the service provider and traffic conditions.
Things to Do / Must See Panchakki
Panchakki is a fascinating monument that displays the ingenuity and creativity of medieval Indian engineers and architects. It has a lot to offer to visitors who are interested in history, culture and art. Here are some of the things you can do and see at Panchakki:
- Admire the elegant facade of Panchakki, which has a large arched gateway with domes and minarets.
- Explore the interior of Panchakki, which has a spacious hall with fountains and arches.
- Watch the water mill in action, which has a huge grinding stone that rotates by the force of water.
- Visit the dargah of Baba Shah Musafir, a Sufi saint who lived in the complex and whose tomb is located near Panchakki.
- Learn more about the history and significance of Panchakki at the Archaeological Survey of India museum located near the entrance.
Significance of Panchakki
Panchakki is not only a monument of utility, but also a symbol of cultural and religious harmony. It was built by Turktaz Khan, who was a Shia Muslim, in honor of Baba Shah Musafir, who was a Sunni Muslim. The water mill also reflects the influence of Persian and Indian styles of engineering and art. It was designed by Ata-ullah Khan Niyazi, an architect who was the son of Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, the chief architect of Taj Mahal. It was constructed by Hanspat Rai Shrivastava , an engineer who was a Hindu. The water mill showcases the diversity and richness of Mughal heritage in India.
Q: When was Panchakki built?
A: Panchakki was built in 1695 A.D by Turktaz Khan.
Q: Who built Panchakki?
A: Panchakki was built by Turktaz Khan, a noble on the staff of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.
Q: How does Panchakki work?
A: Panchakki works by using the energy of water flowing from a spring on a hill to turn a large grinding stone that grinds grains for the pilgrims and the troops.
Q: What is the significance of Panchakki?
A: Panchakki is a monument of utility, harmony and innovation. It showcases the scientific thought process and engineering skills of medieval India. It also reflects the cultural and religious diversity of Mughal India.
Q: How much is the entry fee for Panchakki?
A: The entry fee for Indian citizens is Rs. 5 per person, while for foreign nationals it is Rs. 100 per person. Children below the age of 15 are exempted from the entry fee.
Panchakki is a remarkable monument that demonstrates the brilliance and creativity of medieval Indian engineers and architects. It is a marvel of water engineering that uses the natural force of water to power a mill that grinds grains for the pilgrims and the troops. It is also a symbol of harmony and tolerance that was built by a Shia Muslim in honor of a Sunni Muslim saint and designed and constructed by people of different faiths and backgrounds. Panchakki is a treasure of Aurangabad and India that deserves to be admired and preserved for generations to come.